Institute of Animal Health and Biological Production, Zakura, Srinagar, kashmir

 

Joint Director
Zakura, Srinagar

Phone : 91-194-2422271
Email : jdiahbp@jkanimalhusbandry.net


The prestigious institute of Animal Health & Biological Products is located at Zakura about 15 kms. from the main Srinagar city and is a referral institute of the valley. This institute was established during the year 1982 and has got three main divisions.

  •  Disease Diagnostic and Research Division (Headed by Parasitologist).

  • Vaccine Production Division (Headed by Deputy Director Research).

  • Standardization & Quality Control Division (Quality Control Officer).

 Disease Diagnostic and Research Division: The division is meant for investigation of Animal and poultry diseases with respect to aetiology spread of the disease, preventive and therapeutic strategy to be adopted for this purpose. This division undertakes investigations, incidence of various livestock and poultry diseases that are referred to the institute. Whenever the outbreaks are reported to the disease investigation section, such outbreaks are thoroughly investigated. The research staff visits the affected places/villages and collect all the relevant epidemiological data pertaining to the outbreak. Wherever possible, spot diagnosis is provided, otherwise suitable clinical, post mortem samples are collected from the affected animals for laboratory analysis and after the analysis of the samples disease is diagnosed and suitable control measures are communicated to the concerned.

In addition the Disease Investigation section of this institute also receives a number of clinical samples sent by the field veterinarians for diagnosis. The samples that are received include blood samples for detection of etiological agents, faecal samples for presence of parasitic ova or cyst, tissue impression smears and heart blood smears from necropsed animals, and serum samples for detection of antibodies of bacterial/viral pathogens. These samples are analyzed by suitable tests and results are communicated to the concerned.

Vaccine Production Division: This division is meant for production of various veterinary biologicals against the schedule diseases like HS, BQ, Anthrax for large animals and FDC for the poultry, in quantities sufficient for the valley is undertaken by this institute. The department has been giving major emphasis on prevention of diseases by conducting mass immunization against specific & scheduled diseases in areas where such diseases are reported to have occurred especially in the endemic areas. The proper & timely immunization of the livestock against black  quarter HS,FMD, Anthrax RKD,IBD & fowl cholera which used to occur & take heavy toll of livestock & poultry previously have been considerably minimized but still pose a major threat to the livestock & poultry Industry.

Standardization & Quality Control Division: This division is meant for the Quality Control of various biologicals manufactured by this institute and for each batch of the vaccine produced is subjected to satisfactory, sterility/safety/immunogencity tests before the said batch of the vaccine is released for its field use.

 

Salient achievements of IAH&BP, Zakura

Vaccine Production                                                                 (Figures in lacs)

Year

HS

BQ

Anthrax

FDC

2008-09

5.28

5.38

0.50

4.23

2009-10

5.34

5.31

0.50

4.24

2010-11

5.90

5.81

0.50

4.23

2011-12 upto Dec. 2011

6.00

6.00

0.56

4.50


Disease Diagnosis and Research

Bacteriological cases investigated

4846

Virological cases investigated

2916

Immunological tests conducted

1538

Parasitological cases investigated

1327

Pathological cases investigated

391

Investigations conducted in poultry diseases

22261

Bacterial seed cultures manufactured for HS, BQ, Anthrax and FDC

76550 ml

 

ANIMAL DISEASE MONITORING & SURVEILLANCE

Work plan

1.      To coordinate research and field based livestock disease monitoring and surveillance activities with PD-ADMAS and act as lias-on with state and central Animal Husbandry and Veterinary authorities.

2.      Conduct sample frame based state level population surveys of important diseases.

3.      Investigation and laboratory validation of the disease out breaks with special reference to IBR and Brucellosis in randomly identified villages.

4.      Recording real time disease outbreaks and meteorological data in all disease out breaks.

5.      Validation of diagnostic kits developed by PD-ADMAS in the field.

6.      Collection and communication of information regarding all diseases of livestock and poultry to PD-ADMAS.

7.      Field validation, the disease forecasting models developed by the PD-ADMAS.  

8.      Economic analysis of livestock diseases.

 Brucellosis

Bovine Brucellosis is an economically important reproductive disease caused by Brucella Abortus which is a major abortion causing factor in large and small ruminants. The Regional Collaborating Unit of ADMAS, Srinagar is regularly screening the livestock of different organised and Govt. farms including Breeding Bull Stations of the state and the results obtained are reflected below in the table:  

Screening of Brucellosis in cattle (RBPT)

No. of tests conducted in the field

77

No. of cases found positive

02

Screening of cattle against Brucellosis disease under ADMAS by Avidin Biotin Elisa Protocol for last six years

Year

%age positive

2004-05

2.42

2005-06

7.85

2006-07

17

2007-08

15.41

2008-09

29.46

2009-10

50.45

2010-11

11.32

IAHBP

Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR)

Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) is the most wide spread viral disease of bovines caused by Herpes virus – 1 (BHV – 1) and is characterized by respiratory and genital tract infections. The disease mostly occurs in animals over six months of age and causes Bronchopneumonia and abortion, loss of newborn calves, reduction in milk yield. The disease usually spread through aerosol route and semen of infected bulls. The BHV-1 remains latent in- definitely following natural infections and recrudescence, reactivation and shedding of the virus occurs under stress conditions.

The first hand information about the animal diseases reveal no symptoms in livestock population resembling to IBR. However, the sero surveillance conducted in the identified villages of the state and the results received from PD-ADMAS, Hebbal, Bangalore indicate the presence of significant proportion of antibodies against IBR disease.  The results of the sero surveillance conducted by RRU, Srinagar at State level is reflected below in the table:

Screening of cattle against IBR disease under by Avidin Biotin Elisa Protocol for last six years

Year

%age positive

2004-05

1.96

2005-06

4.23

2006-07

24.20

2007-08

19.48

2008-09

8.38

2009-10

59.30

2010-11

13.99

IAHBP

Tuberculosis Disease

Tuberculosis is one of the most important disease of animals and is of great public health significance. This is one of the most significant emerging disease of humans world wide. In India disease is endemic in animals and different surveys conducted by Institute of Animal Health & B. P. Zakura by single intra dermal test (SID) for last three years is reflected below in the table:   

No. of tests conducted in the field

912

No. of cases found positive

27 (All these animals were declared positive at Military Farm, Chattabal at the request of GOC, Badamibagh Cantt: and were sent to Ghousala, Karnal, besides the screening of the local cattle in and around the Military Farm, Chattabal was also taken up, but none of them was declared as positive.

 Jhone’s Disease

Jhone’s disease is a chronic infectious enteritis of large animals caused by microbacterium paratuberculi characterised by persistent diarrhoea. The infection may occur at early stage usually under 30 days of age and clinical symptoms may not occur until 3 – 5 years of age. The disease reduces the expentency and decreases milk production and the animals with this disease are more prone to mastitis and infertility than non – disease animal. The survey conducted by IAH&BP, Zakura for last three years in Kashmir valley by single intra dermal Jhonin testing using Jhonin PPD and the results are reflected below in the table: 

No. of tests conducted in the field

945

No. of cases found positive

14

 Animal Disease outbreaks attended by the officers of this institute for which the disease was diagnosis and confirmed at the institute itself - 43

Sero typing of morbid material collected from FMD field outbreaks

S. No.

Month

Species

Area/village

No. of samples tested

Results

Sero types

 

 

 

 

 

‘O’

‘A’

Asia ‘I’

1.

August 2010

Bovine

Kulgam

1

1

-

-

2.

September 2010

-do-

Kargil & Kulgam

03

03

-

-

3.

January 2011

-do-

Kulgam

1

1

-

-

 

 

 

Total

5

5

-

-

All the (05) morbid material samples collected were sent to CADRAD, IVRI and were confirmed positive for sero type ‘O’.

Sero monitoring

District

No. of samples tested

Titre Log10 > 1.8

 

 

‘O’

‘A’

Asia ‘I’

Ganderbal

06

05

05

04

Budgam

06

06

05

03

Total

12

11

10

07

No. of morbid materials sent outside for sero typing of the FMD virus/ Rabies virus isolation = 22

Anthrax

The outbreaks of the Anthrax disease were usually recorded in Srinagar and Kupwara districts of the valley. However during the year under report not even a single sporadic case of the disease was recorded anywhere in the state. This being because of compulsory vaccination of animals in endemic zones with indigenously manufactured attenuated Anthrax Spore vaccine. The department has already identified endemic zones of the Anthrax disease in the state.

Rabies

During the year under report (11) incidences of the Rabies disease were recorded in Kupwara and Kulgam districts of the state affecting (97) cattle with (05) deaths.

POULTRY

The state has achieved phenomenal growth in poultry industry, it is but natural that such an expansion has resulted in large susceptibility to various viral and bacterial diseases. Inspite of timely prophylactic vaccination being carried out regularly production stress on the birds make them susceptible for infectious diseases.

The Ranikhet disease and Fowl Duck Cholera has been more or less brought under control by following proper schedule of vaccination manufactured by the IAH&BP, Zakura and timely technical knowhow provided to the poultry breeders of the Kashmir Division.   

PARASITIC DISEASES

Epidemiological analysis of economically important diseases of livestock through epi-info software

Centrally Sponsored Schemes

1. Achievements under Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD) for last three years

Physical

Year

Name of the disease

No. of the vaccinations conducted  (doses in lacs)

2008-09

FMD

3.55

 

HS

5.38

 

BQ

5.26

 

Anthrax

0.50

 

FDC

4.00

 

IBD

38.00

 

RKDF1/R2B/Lasota

30.75

2009-10

FMD

4.42

 

HS

5.34

 

BQ

5.31

 

Anthrax

0.52

 

FDC

4.24

 

IBD

90.00

 

RKDF1/R2B/Lasota

34.50

2010-11

FMD

5.30

 

HS

5.90

 

BQ

5.81

 

Anthrax

0.50

 

FDC

4.23

 

IBD

90.00

 

RKDF1/R2B/Lasota

45.00

 

 Bio-Safety Lab. II

Animal Bio-security is the product of all actions undertaken by an entity to prevent introduction of disease agents into specific area. The Bio-security means the prevention of the illicit use of pathogens (bio-organisms) by the laboratory staff, while as the bio safety means the protection of laboratory staff from being infected by the pathogenic organisms. The department is in the process of procuring Elisa Diagnostic kits from RDDL, Jalandhar to start the screening of poultry sera samples at Institute of Animal Health & Biological Products, Zakura, Srinagar.

Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza

No. of samples sent outside to be screened against H5N1 at RDDL, Jalandhar and HSADL, Bhopal = 6229

 

2. RKVY

24 Block level mini labs. have been established in all the 12 districts of the Kashmir valley @ 2 block level mini labs. each district to carry out the preliminary

Diagnostic tests at block level itself, for timely detection of the  livestock diseases to render their prevention & Control measures without any delay.

 

       

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Last content update: May 2004

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