Frozen Semen Project, Kashmir


Joint Director

Ranbirbagh, Ganderbal


The Frozen Semen Project, Ranbirbagh has been started under INDO-DANISH programme in 1980 wherein equipment required for the production and processing of frozen semen was obtained through the DANISH Government assistance, initially the project started processing of the semen from 1982 and was utilized at far flung areas not easily accessible through road and total number of such centres was round about 30. The project was started with one Liquid Nitrogen Plant (PLN-106) producing 6 liters liquid nitrogen per hour, which was sufficient for processing of the frozen semen in the laboratory at Ranbirbagh and preservation of, Frozen semen at this round about 30 centres. In order to expand the activities of the programme to other centres one more Liquid Nitrogen Plant (PLN-108) was procured in 1987. The programme of frozen semen was extended to about 100 centres later on. The programme got set back again in 1988, due to turmoil in the Valley wherein the project was torched thrice resulting in heavy loss of imported equipment’s and Its buildings. However, two more plants of liquid nitrogen were procured in 1993 and were installed at Baramulla and Anantnag. These plants have been put to operation in 1994. Installation of these plants have given a booster to the programme with the result during 1994 about 300 centres were opened wherein frozen semen was utilized for upgrading of local stock and assisted by 6 more Artificial Breeding Stations wherein chilled semen was being utilized for the said programme. From 1995 onwards chilled semen centres of other districts were closed and total utilization of frozen semen was Introduced in district Srinagar, Budgam and Anantnag and during the current year round about 697 centres have been established where frozen semen is being utilized for the upgrading of livestock. In addition, frozen semen has been introduced In Kargil and Leh during 1995 onwards.
The Frozen Semen Project, Ranbirbagh is at present catering 697 centres in Valley, about 16 and 12 centres in district Kargil and Ladakh respectively. In addition, round about twenty five thousand doses of frozen semen were sold to a private breeder in Punjab. The department has a programme to feed all the 1000 centres in the Valley. Further, it has plans to sell germplasm to rest of the states in India. To meet this programme we have to focus our attention for processing of about six lac straws annually and to meet this demand we are urgently in need of equipments.
Recently the Frozen Semen Lab at Ranbirbagh has been awarded ISO 9001-2008 and Codex HACCP certification by British Standards Institute.
As on date, the lab is established on modern lines with state of the art equipment and facilities. Efforts are on to get the Quality control lab established at the project. For this necessary equipment including the Differential Interference Contrast Microscope are being procured during the year 2011-12. Air showers, Air Curtains and Pass boxes are also being procured for the Frozen Semen Lab as per the recommendations of the ISO.

Objectives of the Project:
- Production and Distribution of graded Quality Germplasm ( Jersey/HF )for genetic up gradation of local cattle
- To increase the milk productivity of individual cows.
- Proper implementation of cattle breeding policy in the state.


Last content update: May 2004

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